A multi-state model to predict heart failure hospitalizations and all-cause mortality in outpatients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: model derivation and internal validation.
outpatients with heart failure (HF), early identification of those at high risk for HF
hospitalization and/or death may help direct disease management services or advanced HF
therapies. Currently, however, there are no models in this population to predict both
heart failure hospitalization and all-cause mortality as individual outcomes as well as
a composite outcome. Thus, we ... read moredeveloped a model to predict both HF hospitalization and
mortality, accounting for the semi-competing nature of the two outcomes. A multi-state
model to predict HF hospitalization and all-cause mortality was derived using data from
the Heart Failure Endpoint evaluation of Angiotensin II Antagonist Losartan (HEAAL)
study cohort, a multicenter, randomized trial of 3,834 symptomatic patients with reduced
left ventricular ejection fraction. The following predictors were pre-specified for
model inclusion: age, gender, New York Heart Association class III vs II, left
ventricular ejection fraction, serum creatinine, serum sodium, systolic blood pressure,
weight, history of diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, atrial fibrillation,
peripheral vascular disease or prior stroke. In this model, all patients were in the
initial state of prevalent HF and were at risk for a HF hospitalization (transition 1,
n=944) or death without a preceding HF hospitalization (transition 2, n=757). In
addition, those who were hospitalized for HF were also at risk for death after a HF
hospitalization (transition 3, n=528). To demonstrate model use, patients were grouped
by quartile of predicted risk and the predicted probabilities of the patient with the
median risk in each quartile were plotted over 7 years of follow-up. At one year of
follow up, patient A (the patient with the median risk from the lowest risk quartile)
has a 2% predicted probability of death with or without a preceding HF hospitalization
and 2% probability of HF hospitalization without subsequent death. The same predicted
probabilities are 11% and 12%, respectively for patient D in the highest risk quartile.
This discrimination between low and high-risk patients continued throughout the 7-year
duration of follow up of this cohort. Model discrimination was 0.72 and calibration was
adequate as assessed by quartiles of predicted
Thesis (M.S.)--Tufts University, 2015.
Submitted to the Dept. of Clinical & Translational Science.
Advisor: David Kent.
Committee: Marvin Konstam, Gordon Huggins, and Farzad Noubary.
Keywords: Health sciences, Medicine, and Public health.read less