The Effect of Attention Manipulation on Retrieval Enhanced Suggestibility and Misinformation.
Bilolikar, Vivek K.
- The goal of the present study was to investigate the effects that attention manipulation and interim testing have on participants’ ability to learn post-event information when applied to the misinformation paradigm. The experiment consisted of five important sections, adapted from Gordon (2015), – (1) an encoding event, (2) a cued recall test, (3) an aural narrative (recounting the encoding event)... read more, (4) a final cued recall test, and (5) a simple discrepancy recollection task. The narrative contained three types of details – consistent (specific and accurate), neutral (vague but correct), or misleading (specific and incorrect). The aural narrative presentation was accompanied by a secondary visual task designed to manipulate participants’ attention to different narrative details. The task either drew attention to: (1) details that would be subsequently tested, (2) details that would not be tested, or (3) attention was not directed at all. We found that manipulating attention had no effect on accuracy during the final test. We also found that when attention was drawn directly to tested details participants were less likely to incorporate the misleading details presented in the narrative during the final recall test. Although directing attention had no effect on participants’ ability to recollect discrepancies between the encoding event and the auditory narrative, directing attention to critical narrative details may have improved participants’ source monitoring skills and reduce retrieval fluency bias based responding on later recall tests due to a reevaluation mechanism. This finding indicates that the learning of post-test information can be altered by explicitly manipulating attention.read less