Are Business Improvement Districts Perceived as Effective for Revitalizing Mid-Sized Rust Belt Cities?.

Fox, Laura.


  • Abstract: Business Improvement Districts (BIDs) have become an increasingly popular urban revitalization tool in the United States over the past twenty years. This public-­private partnership has been widely endorsed by BID proponents and urbanists alike, but the effectiveness of this tool has been insufficiently researched. Where research does exist, the focus is on BIDs in larger, healthier citi... read more
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