How Do Safe Patient Handling and Mobility (SPHM) Policies Affect Nurse Injury Rates?
Abstract: In order to reduce the rate of workplace injuries and illnesses among nurses, eleven states successively enacted "Safe Patient Handling and Mobility (SPHM)" laws or regulations promoted by the American Nurses Association from 2005 to 2011. An important question to ask regarding SPHM is to what extent does the SPHM policy affect the injury rate of nurses? The author of this study assesses... read morethe impact of this policy, using Current Population Survey data from 2000 to 2015 to compare the rate of receiving worker's compensation (WC) between nurses and non-nurses over this period. Nurses working in affected settings (hospitals and nursing homes) experienced a 0.9 percentage point reduction in the rate of WC receipt in the post-policy period relative to the pre-policy period. The magnitude of the reduction is roughly two thirds of the nurses' average rate of receiving WC in the pre-policy period, 1.2 percent. The findings of this study also suggest that the SPHM laws and regulations that contain financial incentives would lead to a larger decline in nurses' WC receiving rate, reducing the injury rate of nurses more effectively.
Thesis (M.S.)--Tufts University, 2016.
Submitted to the Dept. of Economics.
Advisor: Melissa McInerney.
Committee: Laura Gee, and Gilbert Metcalf.
Keyword: Economics.read less