Taxing for Transit: An Exploratory Analysis of Local Option Transportation Taxes.
Abstract: This research seeks to analyze recent trends in transportation
funding -voter-approved local option transportation taxes (LOTTs) with a transit component.
The research involved developing a dataset of those LOTT ballot measures to: summarize and
describe characteristics of proposed LOTT ballot measures; analyze the relationship between
election outcomes and characteristics of the tax... read morees and voting locales voting; and summarize
transit funding from successful LOTT county sales taxes to examine modal distribution and
planned use of the funds. While user fees remain the largest funding source, alternative
mechanisms such as LOTTs are now a fixture of transit funding. In many locales, LOTTs have
passed, been extended, and are resulting in real investment in bus and fixed guideway
systems. This research led to future research recommendations including: development of a
comprehensive LOTT ballot-measure dataset; analysis on consistency between proposed and
actual expenditure; and analysis of differences in revenue allocation between LOTT
investment and the traditional transportation planning process.
Thesis (M.A.)--Tufts University, 2012.
Submitted to the Dept. of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning.
Advisors: Mary Davis, and Jeff Levine.
Keywords: Transportation planning, and Public policy.read less