The Effects of State Energy Policy on Residential Electric Energy Burden
Abstract: This thesis examines how state level energy efficiency resource standards (EERS), renewable portfolio standards (RPS), and electric sector deregulation have affected US households' energy burden. "Energy burden" represents the percentage of household income that is spent on energy for domestic use, and this analysis defines a related metric that is specific to electric purchases. The stu... read moredy posits that most policies have increased electric energy burden and employs fixed effects panel regression techniques to test this hypothesis across 105 private, investor-owned electric utilities and twenty-two years. Utilities' geographic service territories are the analytical units, and a typical household's electric energy burden is estimated for each utility in each year. The results suggest all three policies are associated with increases in electric energy burden over time, which corroborates previous research that examined electricity prices only. The study concludes with a discussion of avenues for future research that would expand upon these results.
Thesis (M.S.)--Tufts University, 2017.
Submitted to the Dept. of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning.
Advisor: Mary Davis.
Committee: Ujjayant Chakravorty.
Keywords: Energy, Public policy, and Economics.read less