Bounding polynomial entanglement measures for mixed states.
Love, Peter J.
- We generalize the notion of the best separable approximation (BSA) and best W-class approximation (BWA) to arbitrary pure-state entanglement measures, defining the best zero-E approximation (BEA) We show that for any polynomial entanglement measure E, any mixed state ρ admits at least one "S decomposition," i.e., a decomposition in terms of a mixed state on which E is equal to zero, and a single a... read moredditional pure state with (possibly) nonzero E. We show that the BEA is not, in general, the optimal S decomposition from the point of view of bounding the entanglement of ρ and describe an algorithm to construct the entanglement-minimizing S decomposition for ρ and place an upper bound on E(ρ) When applied to the three-tangle, the cost of the algorithm is linear in the rank d of the density matrix and has an accuracy comparable to a steepest-descent algorithm whose cost scales as d8logd. We compare the upper bound to a lower-bound algorithm given by C. Eltschka and J. Siewert [Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 020502 (2012)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett. 108.020502] for the three-tangle and find that on random rank-2 three-qubit density matrices, the difference between the upper and lower bounds is 0.14 on average. We also find that the three-tangle of random full-rank three-qubit density matrices is less than 0.023 on average. © 2014 American Physical Society.read less
- Rodriques, Samuel, Nilanjana Datta, and Peter Love. "Bounding Polynomial Entanglement Measures for Mixed States." Physical Review A 90, no. 1 (July 30, 2014). doi:10.1103/physreva.90.012340.