Trip Duration and Mode Choice Analysis: A study of Below Median Income Households in the Boston Metropolitan Region
Abstract: Many factors of the built and the non-built environment can significantly influence travel behavior. This thesis will assess how the built environment can influence the time that an individual spends traveling while controlling for their socio-economic characteristics. Additionally, the study will look at how the built environment influences the choice of non-automobile modes of ... read moretransportation: walk, bike and transit. The focus of the study is on trips made by individuals in below median income households in the Boston Metropolitan Region using the Massachusetts Travel Survey of 2010 in combination with build environment data developed by the Environment Protection Agency. This study confirms previous research suggesting that density, diversity and design variables of the built environment have a significant influence on daily mobility decisions on both travel duration and mode choice. Specifically, accessibility of jobs by the working age population at the origin was found to significantly influence trip durations as well as mode choice. The results suggest the continued role of jobs-housing balance to improve accessibility for low-income households in the region. The thesis ends by highlighting the factors that need to be considered by planners and policy makers to positively influence the use of non- automobile mode choices in the Boston Metropolitan Region as it plans for a sustainable future.
Thesis (M.S.)--Tufts University, 2018.
Submitted to the Dept. of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning.
Advisor: Sumeeta Srinivasan.
Committee: Mary Davis.
Keywords: Transportation, and Urban planning.read less
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