Home Buyouts: One Adaptation Approach to Rising Sea Levels
Abstract: On October 29th, 2012, Superstorm Sandy severely damaged residential and commercial buildings on Staten Island, along with other communities in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. This event triggered residents in the Oakwood Beach Neighborhood of Staten Island to organize and seek funding to relocate through home buyouts. This study examines Oakwood Beach to understand how the current ... read morepractices of buyout programs enable residents in coastal communities to relocate from flood prone areas. Features of buyout programs from the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Department of Housing and Urban Development are explored. Oakwood Beach is an important example of "bottoms up" advocacy for post-inundation buyouts. Policy recommendations include: 1) evaluating the impact of potential buyouts using benefit cost analysis 2) incorporating buyouts into pre-disaster planning and climate change planning 3) increasing public engagement preemptively 4) incorporating relocation support services in buyout program designs to increase homeowner participation rates.
Thesis (M.A.)--Tufts University, 2017.
Submitted to the Dept. of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning.
Advisor: Ann Rappaport.
Committee: Justin Hollander.
Keywords: Climate change, Land use planning, and Public policy.read less