The Effect of Learning on Heart Rate and Behavior of European Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris)

Glassman, Laura Wallis


  • Five wild-caught European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) were exposed to a learning task in order to determine whether heart rate (HR) and behavior responses to the learning are similar to changes seen during chronic stress conditions. Birds performed a task in a closed economy that required them to discriminate between images of opposite convexity (one concave and one convex) based on shading cues, ... read more
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