Conflict Sensitive Development--Reality or Wishful Thinking?
- Submitted in partial fulfillment of the degree Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. Abstract: There has been a growing understanding among development NGOs and practitioners in both conflict resolution and development fields of the need to incorporate interdisciplinary approach to their practices. The rational behind this is to increase the effectiveness... read moreand sustainability of development projects and reduce the negative effects of development aid on ongoing conflicts. However, in reality many development agencies working in the context of conflict do not incorporate conflict sensitive planning of their projects. In this thesis I try to understand what makes the seemingly natural and much needed link between the development and conflict resolution fields so difficult to implement on the ground. The thesis is divided into three parts. The first chapter provides a basic theoretical framework of reference for the rest of the chapters. In this chapter, I give a basic (but not a complete) overview of the major historical trends in development and conflict resolution theory and practice, and the few examples of how the two are linked. The second chapter uses Georgia as a case study to understand the gaps according to development practitioners in being able to incorporate conflict sensitive work. The third chapter tries to understand these gaps through structural analysis of the differences between the two fields focusing on ethics and culture, values and needs, institutional incentives, accountability mechanisms, and capacities for organizational learning.read less