Politics at the Intersection of Bilingual Education and Immigration: A Study of Newspaper Rhetoric and Framing Over Three Pivotal Periods.
- Abstract: It is often claimed that bilingual education policy preferences are a proxy for immigration policy references due to the fact that both policies have the same target population: immigrants. This thesis examines the intersection of immigration policies and language policies across three key modern time periods: 1986-1987, 2001-2002, and 2005-2006. In 1986-1987, the Immigration Reform and ... read moreControl Act and the reauthorization of the Bilingual Education Act were signed. In 2001-2002, the DREAM Act was proposed, President Bush was conducting bilateral immigration talks with Mexican president Vicente Fox, the USA PATRIOT Act was passed, and the No Child Left Behind Act was signed. In 2005-2006, the Senate passed the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act and the Inhofe Amendment to the act. This study codifies the rhetoric and framing of immigration and language policies in two major national newspapers, the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal. The study establishes a new research design to examine how national printed media framed immigrants in articles covering immigration and language policy with either “universal” or “particular” claims. It applies this framework to test for similarities and differences in the characterization of immigrants in these articles and how that might affect the subsequent discourse. The study concludes that the two policy areas did not have rhetorical strategies that correlated over the three time periods due to the differences in the level of sophistication and nuance in the discourse. This analysis is a substantial expansion on the historical narrative of bilingual education policies.read less