School of Medicine Records, 1882 -- 2017

Overview

Title: School of Medicine Records
Dates: 1882 -- 2017
Creator: School of Medicine
Call Number: UA010
Size: 55.6 Cubic Feet, 51 boxes, 2 Artifact(s), 2 Digital Object(s)
Permanent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10427/48233
Location:
    Digital Collections and Archives, Tufts University
    archives@tufts.edu
    http://sites.tufts.edu/dca/

Description

The School of Medicine Records consist primarily of correspondence. Other materials include memos and files from the office of the Dean; faculty meeting and committee minutes; and photographs, lectures, and examination materials. The unprocessed accessions contain programs, bulletins and catalogs. A large portion of the collection contains files from the Tufts Comprehensive Community Action Program (TCCHAP). There are two folders containing the few photos of early faculty. The entire collection is arranged by subject.

Arrangement

This collection is organized in five series: Subject files; Office of the Dean, Subject Files; Faculty meeting and committee minutes; Photographs, lectures and examination materials; and Unprocessed accessions.

Biography/History

The Tufts University School of Medicine was voted into existence by the Trustees on April 22, 1893. It was formed by the secession of seven faculty from the College of Physicians and Surgeons in Boston, a school which was formed in 1880. These "original seven" faculty members successfully lobbied to establish a medical school under the auspices of Tufts College.

The "original seven" first faculty of the Medical School were William Chipman, Henry W. Dudley, Walter L. Hall, John W. Johnson, Albert Nott, Charles P. Thayer, and Frank Wheatley. All had been members of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, but had been dissatisfied with the operations of that institution since it opened in 1880.They believed that in order to raise the standards of the school and provide for the necessary laboratory and clinical work, the school should affiliate with a college or university. President Capen was sympathetic to the idea of Tufts expanding into the realm of medical education, leading the group to concentrate their efforts on affiliation with Tufts.

The new school, which was designated the Medical School of Tufts College, opened its doors in October 1893 with a student body of eighty students. The school was, from the very beginning, coeducational, and of the twenty-two students who graduated that first year, eight were women.

The Medical School was initially located on three floors of a building at 188 Boylston Street in Boston, now the site of the Four Seasons Hotel. The building, which had formerly served as the home of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, was owned by Tufts as an investment property, and was taken for use of the Medical School upon its formation. As enrollment increased rapidly in the first years of the school's operation, the school acquired additional facilities for use in the area. By 1897 the school's growth forced it to seek a new facility. A renovated Baptist church on Shawmut Avenue became the school's new home, but the establishment of the Dental School in 1899 meant that another move was necessary. This time a building was constructed to house both schools on Huntington Avenue, which served as the Medical School's home until 1949, when it moved to its current location on Harrison Avenue in downtown Boston.

By 1905, the Medical School was the largest such school in New England, with a faculty of 105 and 403 students. While enrollments continued to climb, growth of the school was hindered by the lack of any substantial endowment and the failure to obtain a hospital for exclusive use of the school's clinical training needs.

In the first decades of the Medical School's existence there was ongoing concern about admission requirements and the implications these held for the quality of medical education and graduates of the program. Initially, a high school degree from an approved school, or examination in high school subjects was required for admission. Many felt this to be too lax, but others were hesitant to require a full college degree for admission, believing that this would put an unnecessary financial and time burden on students. However, as the American Medical Association criteria for ranking medical schools continued to be revised, admissions standards were gradually increased to a bachelor's degree by the 1932-33 academic year.

In 1929 an alliance was formed between Boston Dispensary, the Floating Hospital for Infants and Children, and the medical and dental schools, constituting the basis for the formation of the New England Medical Center (NEMC) in 1930.This served as the impetus for the medical and dental schools to move from the Huntington Avenue location to downtown Boston. However, before this could take place it was necessary to raise funds to construct a new facility, a task which was made all the more challenging in that it was undertaken in the depression years of the 1930s.

During World War II, the Medical School went on a full-year, accelerated academic calendar to meet the increased wartime demand for medical personnel. Plans continued to go ahead for construction of a new facility downtown, and the move was accomplished in 1949.This move signified the realization of the school's long-term goal of providing close affiliation with a hospital facility for its students.

Expanding curricular programs and departments to keep apace with the growing medical field placed ongoing strains on the finances of the Medical School. With the majority of income being generated by tuition revenues, efforts were intensified starting in the 1950s to seek additional public and private grant funding for projects and to drastically increase the school's endowment. Faculty were successful in obtaining funding from sources such as the Ford Foundation, the National Public Health Service, and the National Cancer Institute. In 1975-76, Professor William B. Schwartz, chair of the Department of Medicine, became the first holder of the Vannevar Bush University Professorship, the first endowed professorship in the university's history.

For much of its history, the Medical School has drawn its student body largely from the New England states. Since the 1950s this has gradually changed, with slightly less than half of entering students in 1999 coming from the six New England states.

Access and Use

Access Restrictions

This collection contains some restricted material. Restrictions related to specific material are listed in the detailed contents list. This collection may require review before it is available for use. Please contact DCA for further details.

Use Restrictions

Some material in this collection may be protected by copyright and other rights. Please see "Reproductions and Use" on the Digital Collections and Archives website for more information about reproductions and permission to publish. Copyright to all materials created by Tufts University employees in the course of their work is held by the Trustees of Tufts University.

Preferred Citation

School of Medicine Records, 1882-2017. Tufts University. Digital Collections and Archives. Medford, MA.

Collection History

Processing Notes

2017 accessions were processed by Leah Edelman in 2017. Materials were placed in archival boxes and folders; received order was maintained. An item-level record was created, and series-level description and the finding aid were updated at the time of processing. 

This collection is partially processed.

Acquisition

Transferred by the School of Medicine, 2003-2017.

Custodial History

Part of this material was collected by Russell Miller in preparation for writing "Light on the Hill," his history of Tufts University. These materials were arranged by subject, and no attempt was made to recreate original order. Material relating to administering the collection was removed to the documentation files of the collection in the archives.

The Office of the Dean, Subject Files were accessioned prior to the reopening of the archives in 1997. The majority of the material seems to originate from the office of the dean of the medical school, and were grouped into subject files in alphabetical order. In processing this series, items that were out of order were put back into their proper place in the alphabetical range.

Medical school publications were removed from this collection and placed in the appropriate publication collection.

Series Description

  1. Subject files, 1885 -- 1994

    These subject files were collected by Russell Miller while preparing his history of Tufts University, Light on the Hill.

    Miller organized his materials by subject without regard for original order. No attempt has been made to recreate the original order of these materials.

    This series contains files from the alumni association, correspondence from the office of the dean, the office of the president, the board of trustees, information about the class of 1898, course materials, faculty information, several folders dealing with fundraising, the fiftieth anniversary, grounds and buildings, the medical honorary society, the HSDB, personnel, two folders of photos of early faculty. More than half the series is comprised of information dealing with the TCCHAP (the Tufts Comprehensive Community Health Action Program). This collection contains information of various committees, family support groups and activities, financing, various projects, budget, childcare, information about the Columbia Point Outreach Center and the outreach center in Mound Bayou.

  2. Office of the Dean, Subject files, 1882 -- 1989

    These files were accessioned prior to the reopening of the archives in 1997. The majority of the material seems to originate from the office of the dean of the medical school, and were grouped into subject files in alphabetical order. In processing this series, items that were out of order were put back into their proper place in the alphabetical range.

    This series contains files from the AAUP, the ad hoc affiliation committee, the admissions department, The Area Health Education Center, general alumni files, alumni weekends and reunions, the medical alumni association, the dept. of anatomy, the animal farm committe, the arborway renal clinic, several folders of files dealing with Dean Banks, BCH, Boston City Hospital, Boston VA's medical center, the board of trustees, the Medical School's budgets, the capitol campaign, the center for birth defects, The council of the deans, school curriculum, the dean's advisory committee, educational development program, educational media department, environmental health program, faculty rosters, fundraising, foundation applications, the Framingham Union Hospital, The HSEB (reports, committees, grants) the Health Sciences Library, the Human Investigations Review Committee, the Kennedy Memorial, the Laboratory Building Committee, the Learning Resources Committee, the Lemuuel Shattuck Hospital, the Maine Medical Center, the Office of the Dean of Medicine, the medical education database, the NEMCH, the Newton Wellesley Hospital, the North Shore Children's Hospital, the Office of Planning and Evaluation, Parent's days, Penobscot Bay Medical Center, the Personel Department, position emmision tomography, the Primary Care Committee, Project Hope, Quincy City Hospital, research protocols, research symposiums, the Sackler Center for Health, St. Elizabeth's Hospital, St. Margaret's Hospital, the Student Promotions Committee, St. Vincent's Hospital, TUSM affiliation data, TNEMC, minutes of the University Council, and the Whitaker Funds papers.

  3. Faculty meeting and committee minutes, 1893 -- 1976

    This series consists of nine volumes of minutes of the meetings of the faculty and several different committees in the Medical School: the Executive Committee, Administrative Committee, the Committee on Instruction, and the Admissions Committee.

    Faculty meeting minutes run from 1893-1914; Executive Committee minutes run from 1897-1902; Administrative Committee minutes run from 1902-70; Committee on Instruction minutes run from 1905-13; and Admission Committee minutes from 1921-25.

  4. Photographs, lectures, and examination materials, 1893 -- 1970

    This series contains photographs, lectures, and examination materials related to the Tufts University School of Medicine.

  5. Unprocessed accessions, circa 1934 -- 2017


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Some of the materials from this collection are available online. Not all materials have necessarily been digitized.