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And now, This I Believe. Here is Edward R. Murrow.
This I Believe. Big cities sometimes too readily reflect the coldness and even cruelty of life in what we call modern civilization. But Newbold Morris is a New Yorker who equates population figures in terms of individual human beings, not just cold statistics. In fifteen years of civic service, ranging from welfare work to presidency of the city council, he has brought a warm, human, and personal touch to public responsibility. Whether he's involved in a political campaign, a lawsuit as a practicing attorney or his duties as a trustee of the New York Public Library, Newbold Morris displays a singular devotion to people. There the framework for the beliefs he now expresses.
What has been the most appealing part of the development of the American Dream? Well, to some of us, perhaps, the most dramatic phase of our development has been the ceaseless energy of the pioneers, the era of empire building, and, finally, the apotheosis of free enterprise, our industrial development. Others are thrilled by the capacity of the American people--normally peace loving and slow to anger--to organize in an all-out effort to resist threats to their freedom.
Yes, all of these things stir the imagination, but to me they are the outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual vitality. Some of us came to this continent three centuries ago and take great pride in tradition. Others may have landed at the new international airport at Idlewild only yesterday. But nearly all of us came as fugitives from the tyrannies and hatreds of the old world.
international airport at Idlewild only yesterday. But nearly all of us came as fugitives from the tyrannies and hatreds of the old world.
I believe America has vitality because of a restless force we call "human endeavor." It is this endeavor which has resulted in the lifting of averages and the spreading of opportunities. It is based on the conviction that once an individual has a fair start, he or she can rise to great heights, regardless of circumstances of birth or racial origin. This is my conviction, and it is, in other words, a belief in the human spirit. It is those for who are strong to help the weak; for those who are sound in mind and body to help those afflicted; for those who live in the sunlight to dispel shadows wherever they lengthen.
To me, this is what life is all about. It is why I believe that when we decided upon a system of government-subsidized education, we passed an important milestone in our history; and that when we adopted public health programs to fight the ravages of disease, to reduce infant mortality, and even to afford prenatal care for expectant mothers, we were continuing along the road toward to the goals in which I believe.
I feel that we took another step towards a better world when we adopted Workman's Compensation laws, Unemployment Insurance, Social Security, and Aid to Dependent Children. And I believe that we were doing even more to realize these goals when, awakening to the
social evils of cheerless, unsanitary, unsafe tenements, we decided to tax ourselves in order to subsidize low-rent, public housing for persons of low income. I could not be true to my beliefs about my duty towards my fellow man if I did not work for these things. Some call our civilization a "Christian" civilization. Others call it "democracy". When it succeeds, it is a little bit of both; and when it really works, we need not have fear of threats to our freedom.
You have heard the creed of Newbold Morris, New York city lawyer and political leader, who believes among other things that in order to make democracy work, a citizen has to take an active, personal part in it.