Characterization of ice nucleation at mineral surfacesGraziano, Zachary A.
Slough, Diana P.
The crystallization of ice from liquid water occurs both homogeneously and heterogeneously. Most atmospheric ice nucleation occurs heterogeneously, at the surface of atmospheric aerosols. These atmospheric aerosols can include organic compounds, some bacteria, mineral dusts, pollens, and soot particles. While homogeneous ice nucleation requires temperatures as low as –37 °C, heterogeneous ice nucl... read more