London Labour and the London Poor, volume 3Mayhew, Henry
The Carrying Trade.
THE next part of the subject that presents itself is the conveyance of goods from part of the metropolis to another. This, as I have before said, is chiefly effected by vans, waggons, carts, drays, &c. It has already been shown that the number of carriers" waggons, throughout Great , in , was , while the carriers" carts were no less than odd, or very nearly in all. This was more than they were in .
Of the number of horses engaged in the "carrying trade," or rather that particular branch of it which concerns the removal of goods, there are no returns, unless it be that there were horses under hands high ridden by the waggoners of this kingdom.
The number of carriers, carters, and waggoners throughout Great , at the time of taking the last census, was , of whom were located in England, in Scotland, in Wales, and in the British Isles. Of the carriers, carters, and waggoners, throughout Great , in , were males of years of age and upwards, while, in , the number was only , or upwards of less; so that between these periods the trade must have increased at the rate of per annum at least. I am informed, however, that the next returns will show quite as large a decrease in the trade, owing to the conveyance of goods having been mainly transferred from the road to the rail since the last-mentioned period. The number of carriers, carters, and waggoners engaged in the metropolis in was , of whom were males of years of age and upwards. In there were but individuals of the same age pursuing the same occupation; and I am assured, that owing to the increased facilities for the conveyance of goods from the country to London, the trade has increased at even a greater rate since the last enumeration of the people. The London carriers, carters, and waggoners, may safely be said to be now nearer than in number.