The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 2

Allen, Thomas
1828

Armourers and Braziers, 22.

Armourers and Braziers, 22.

Arms. Ar. on a chevron sa. a gauntlet of the first, between two pair of swords in saltier of the last, hilts and pomels or; on a chief of the second, an oval shield of the field, charged with a cross gu. encircled with a carved shield of the third, between two peers' helmets proper, garnished or. impaling az. on a chevron or, between two ewers (i. e. beakers) in chief, and a three legged pot with two handles, in base, of the second, three roses gu. seeded or, barbed vert. Crest. A demi-man in armour, couped at the middle of the thighs, all proper, garnished or; the beaver up; on his head, a plume of three feathers, two ar. and one gu. round his waist, a sash of the last, fringed of the second; holding in his dexter hand a sword erect of the first, hilt and pomel or. Supporters. Two men proper, in complete armour; the dexter of the first, garnished or; the sinister, all of the last; on their heads, plumes of feathers; round their waists, a sash, and each holding in his exterior hand a sword, as in the Crest. Motto. We are one. The company of armourers was an ancient brotherhood previous to being incorporated by king Henry VI. which was about the year 1423, by the title of The master and wardens, brothers, and sisters of the fraternity or guild of St. George, of the men of the mysteries of the armourers of the city of London. The same prince also honoured the company by becoming one of their members.

The armourers were formerly employed in making coats of mail, helmets, and the rest of the defensive furniture of ancient warfare; but, after the use of fire-arms became generally prevalent, their business fell into complete disuse. So little, indeed, is the manufacture of plate armour now understood, that the making of two suits, the one of brass, the other of steel, for a place of public amusement, was regarded as a matter of much interest and ability. In the reign of Henry VIII. the armourers of London derived so much useful instruction from some German artificers, who had been sent to England at the request of the king himself, that they soon undersold the foreigners. In queen Elizabeth's time, there were thirty-five armourers resident in the metropolis, who kept servants and shops; yet so rapidly did their trade decay, that in the reign of James I. that number was reduced to five only, with one servant each. The company is now chiefly composed of braziers, founders, and coppersmiths.

The hall of this company is a plain brick edifice, standing at the north end of Coleman-street.

To this company is united that of the braziers, who are jointly governed by a master, two wardens, and twenty-one assistants. It is a livery company.

The Names of the Company of Armorers from the Record in the Chapter House. Will. ChamberThomas Mylner Thomas WellerWillm. Parr John LymseyJames Jenyng John RichemondWillm. Barker John AleynThomas Ffen John DownyngRichard Laycrofte Willm. CookeThomas Goun Nicholas BarkerHugh Saunder Symond CowperJohn Wolf Willm. NewmanJohn Edwyn Richard HountWillm. Kyngston John HiltonThomas Baker Willm. SmytheMiles Jerham George BrodsWillm. Brown Robtt. StanfeldJohn Porter Willm. LucreantRobert Inner Robert BuckerdAlex. Maperley John FrowlopeRogier Tyndall Edmond JerhamRichard Cocke Robert SlayterRichard Ward Robert PaycockRobert James Willm. GounRichard Empson Edmond PkynsPeter Crowche Edward SissonWillm. Horsnayle

. on a chevron a gauntlet of the , between pair of swords in saltier of the last, hilts and pomels ; on a chief of the , an oval shield of the field, charged with a cross encircled with a carved shield of the , between peers' helmets , garnished impaling on a chevron , between ewers (i. e. beakers) in chief, and a legged pot with handles, in base, of the , roses gu. seeded , barbed . A demi-man in armour, couped at the middle of the thighs, all , garnished ; the beaver up; on his head, a plume of feathers, and round his waist, a sash of the last, fringed of the ; holding in his dexter hand a sword erect of the , hilt and pomel . men , in complete armour; the dexter of the , garnished ; the sinister, all of the last; on their heads, plumes of feathers; round their waists, a sash, and each holding in his exterior hand a sword, as in the . .

We are one.

The company of armourers was an ancient brotherhood previous to being incorporated by king Henry VI. which was about the year , by the title of

The master and wardens, brothers, and sisters of the fraternity or guild of St. George, of the men of the mysteries of the armourers of the city of London.

The same prince also honoured the company by becoming of their members.

The armourers were formerly employed in making coats of mail, helmets, and the rest of the defensive furniture of ancient warfare; but, after the use of fire-arms became generally prevalent, their business fell into complete disuse. So little, indeed, is the manufacture of plate armour now understood, that the making of suits, the of brass, the other of steel, for a place of public amusement, was regarded as a matter of much interest and ability. In the reign of Henry VIII. the armourers of London derived so much useful instruction from some German artificers, who had been sent to England at the request of the king himself, that they soon undersold the foreigners. In queen Elizabeth's time, there were armourers resident in the metropolis, who kept servants and shops; yet so rapidly did their trade decay, that in the reign of James I. that number was reduced to only, with servant each. The company is now chiefly composed of braziers, founders, and coppersmiths.

The hall of this company is a plain brick edifice, standing at the north end of .

378

 

To this company is united that of the braziers, who are jointly governed by a master, wardens, and assistants. It is a livery company.

 
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 Title Page
 Dedication
 CHAPTER I: History of London, from the Accession of William and Mary, to the reign of George the Second
 CHAPTER II: History of London during the reign of George the Second
 CHAPTER III: History of London from the Accession of George the Third, to the year 1780
 CHAPTER IV: History of London continued to the Union
 CHAPTER V: History of London from the Union to the Jubilee, 1809
 CHAPTER VI: History of London from the Jubilee to the Peace of 1814
 CHAPTER VII: History of London continued to the accession of George the Fourth
 CHAPTER VIII: Account of the Civil Government of the City by Portreves, Bailiffs, and Mayors, with a list of the latter...
 CHAPTER IX: An account of the Aldermen and Sheriffs, with a list of the latter
collapseCHAPTER X: Lists and brief Accounts of the various Officers and Courts within the City
collapseCHAPTER XI: Some account of the Ecclesiastical Government of the city of London, with a List and Biographical Notices of the Bishops of the see
collapseCHAPTER XII: Some Account of the Military Government of London, and the Artillery Company
collapseCHAPTER XIII: An Account of the twelve principal Companies of the City of London
collapseCHAPTER XIV: An Account of the Companies of the City of London, alphabetically arranged
 CHAPTER XV: An Account of the River Thames
collapseCHAPTER XVI: Historical and topographical account of London Bridge, Westminster Bridge, Blackfriars Bridge, Waterloo Bridge, Southwark Bridge, and the Thames Tunnel
collapseCHAPTER XVII: Topographical and Historical Account of the Tower of London
This object is in collection:
Edwin C. Bolles papers
Subjects
London (England)--History
Antiquities
Permanent URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10427/44305
ID: tufts:UA069.005.DO.00067
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