The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 2

Allen, Thomas
1828

Haberdashers.

Haberdashers.

Haberdashers' company

Their ArmsArms granted 1571. are Barry nebulee of six ar. and az. on a bend gu. a lion passant gardant or. Crest. Two arms embowed proper. issuing from clouds of the last, holding a chaplet of laurel vert. Supporters Two Indian goats ar. attired and ungulled or. Motto. Serve and obey. Patroness. St. Katherine.

This Company was first incorporated as a brotherhood, or guild, by Henry the Sixth, in the year 1447, under the appellation of the Fraternity of St. Katherine the Virgin, of the Haberdashers of the City of London. There was likewise a fraternity of haberdashers, which had made choice of St. Nicholas as its patron; and it seems probable that both brotherhoods were united previously to the 17th of Henry the Seventh, when this company received a confirmation by the title of the master and four wardens of the fraternity of the art or mystery of Haberdashers, &c. and its members were styled merchant haberdashers. The more ancient name of these traders was hurriers and milainers, the first from dealing in hats and caps, the latter from their dealing in merchandize chiefly imported from the city of Milan in Italy.

The business of the haberdashers made but little progress in London, till after the extension of commerce in the reign of queen Elizabeth. In the time of her immediate predecessor, there were scarcely more than a dozen of their shops in the whole city; yet within forty years after (about 1580) they had greatly increased, and we are told, though doubtless with some considerable exaggeration, that the whole street from Westminster, was crowded with them. The haberdashers of that age appear to have been dealers in most of the minor articles of foreign manufacture, and their shops made such a gay appearance, that many persons were thence induced to commence an extravagant expenditure. marvel no man taketh heed to it, said a writer in Elizabeth's days, in reference to the circumstance just stated, what number of trifles cometh hither from beyond the seas, that we might either clean spare, or else make them within our own realm; for which we either pay inestimable treasure every year, or else exchange substantial wares and necessaries for them, for the which we might receive great treasure.

Among the wares which constituted a part of the haberdashery of that period, were, daggers, swords, owches, broaches, aiglets, Spanish girdles, French cloths, Milan caps, glasses, painted cruises, dials, tables, cards, balls, puppets, ink-horns, tooth-picks, fine earthern pots, pins and points, hawk's bells, salt-cellars, spoons, knives, and tin dishes. A yet more curious enumeration of goods vended by the milloners, or haberdashers, who dwelt at the Royal Exchange, within two or three years after it had been built by sir Thomas Gresham, occurs in Howe, who says, they sould mouse-trappes, bird-cages, shooing-hornes, lanthorns, and Jew's trumpes. Howe's Stow's Ann. p. 869. The article pins, before the introduction of which, the English ladies are stated to have used points or skewers made of thorns, &c. to fasten their garments with, formed a very lucrative branch of trade; and 60,000l. annually, is said to have been paid for them to foreigners in the early years of queen Elizabeth; yet long before the decease of that princess, they were manufactured in great quantities in this country, and in the time of James the First, the English artizan exceeded every foreign competitor in the production of this diminutive, though useful article of dress. Brayley's London, ii. p. 385.

The hall of this company is a respectable brick building, standing in Maiden-lane, Wood-street; the arms of the company (but without the supporters) are exhibited on a small shield over the entrance.

The Names of the Company of Haberdashers, from the Record in the Chapter-house. John HardyGregory Conyas John SympsonHerry Austen Thomas MarburyHerry Beket Thomas LaweJohn Awoode David WoderuffJohn Bynkys John HasilfooteJohn Danyell Willm. BlankeJohn Edwarde Thomas GaleJohn Geylward Robert BaxterJohn Griffithe Robert RavenJohn David Thomas HuntlooJohn Ilerd Edmond ShaaJohn Lame Thomas BlankJohn Peke Edward DormerJohn Richardson Raff WestwodeJohn Rowlys Thomas CherellJohn Silvester John StourgeonJohn Smythe John ClamperdJohn Trice Thomas OsbourneJohn Yerdely Nicholas SpakmanJohn Spakman Mathew DaleLaurence Eliott Richard AleynLaurence Wilson Thomas AtwellNicholas Bowman Willm. CotynghamNicholas Crispyn Thomas AtkensonNicholas Gower Garret HynkeNicholas Russell George TadlowePeter Thorpe John LounRichard Aberfurthe James PageRauff Hart Edward BovereRichard Bukland Willm. BuknourRichard Cade John BestonRichard Cawar George BarnesRichard Costrop Willm. TaylourRichard Fflower Willm. OstricheRichard Holland Richard CrymesRichard Lambard Robert ClerkRichard Medilton Thomas HollandRobert Bulle John YeldameRobert Campion Willm. BaylbyRobert Danyell Raff JohnsonRobert Graunt Richard HarrysRobert Newport Richard DunRoger Wolthouse Anthony MarlerThomas Bracy Stephyn CobbeThomas Hargrave Martyn CalleyThomas Laurence Willm. HobsonThomas Porter Thomas LewiceThomas Ripton Willm. RooThomas Waldyng Herry HollandWillm. Bower Alyssaunder BestWillm. Bland Bartilmewe AverellWillm. Bulle Charles HorseleyWillm. Garret Cristofer CootesWillm. Johnson Cristofer HarebotellWillm. Kellett Edmond LoveWillm. Pashemer Edmond KirkhamWillm. Prest Edward ButlerWillm. Smythe Edward HallWillm. Vivyan Edward MorleyWillm. Vivyan Edward Thornton Various free-schools, alms-houses, lectures, and exhibitions, are supported from the funds of this affluent community, whose charitable disbursements are stated to amount to about 3,500l. per annum. The company is governed by a master, four wardens, and a court of about twenty assistants; the livery amounts to between three and four hundred persons.

 

Their are Barry nebulee of and on a bend a lion passant gardant . arms embowed issuing from clouds of the last, holding a chaplet of laurel Indian goats attired and ungulled .

Serve and obey.

. St. Katherine.

This Company was incorporated as a brotherhood, or guild, by Henry the , in the year , under the appellation of

the Fraternity of St. Katherine the Virgin, of the Haberdashers of the City of London.

There was likewise a fraternity of

364

haberdashers, which had made choice of St. Nicholas as its patron; and it seems probable that both brotherhoods were united previously to the of Henry the , when this company received a confirmation by the title of

the master and

four

wardens of the fraternity of the art or mystery of Haberdashers,

&c. and its members were styled merchant haberdashers. The more ancient name of these traders was hurriers and milainers, the from dealing in hats and caps, the latter from their dealing in merchandize chiefly imported from the city of Milan in Italy.

The business of the haberdashers made but little progress in London, till after the extension of commerce in the reign of queen Elizabeth. In the time of her immediate predecessor, there were scarcely more than a dozen of their shops in the whole city; yet within years after (about ) they had greatly increased, and we are told, though doubtless with some considerable exaggeration, that

the whole street from

Westminster

, was crowded with them.

The haberdashers of that age appear to have been dealers in most of the minor articles of foreign manufacture, and their shops made such a

gay appearance,

that many persons were thence induced to commence an extravagant expenditure.

marvel no man taketh heed to it,

said a writer in Elizabeth's days, in reference to the circumstance just stated,

what number of trifles cometh hither from beyond the seas, that we might either clean spare, or else make them within our own realm; for which we either pay inestimable treasure every year, or else exchange substantial wares and necessaries for them, for the which we might receive great treasure.

Among the wares which constituted a part of the haberdashery of that period, were,

daggers, swords, owches, broaches, aiglets, Spanish girdles, French cloths, Milan caps, glasses, painted cruises, dials, tables, cards, balls, puppets, ink-horns, tooth-picks, fine earthern pots, pins and points, hawk's bells, salt-cellars, spoons, knives, and tin dishes.

A yet more curious enumeration of goods vended by the

milloners, or haberdashers,

who dwelt at the , within or years after it had been built by sir Thomas Gresham, occurs in Howe, who says, they

sould mouse-trappes, bird-cages, shooing-hornes, lanthorns, and Jew's trumpes.

The article pins, before the introduction of which, the English ladies are stated to have used points or skewers made of thorns, &c. to fasten their garments with, formed a very lucrative branch of trade; and annually, is said to have been paid for them to foreigners in the early years of queen Elizabeth; yet long before the decease of that princess, they were manufactured in great quantities in this country, and in the time of James the , the English artizan

exceeded every foreign competitor in the production of this diminutive, though useful article of dress.

365

 

The hall of this company is a respectable brick building, standing in , ; the arms of the company (but without the supporters) are exhibited on a small shield over the entrance.

 
 
Footnotes:

[] Arms granted 1571.

[] Howe's Stow's Ann. p. 869.

[] Brayley's London, ii. p. 385.

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 Title Page
 Dedication
 CHAPTER I: History of London, from the Accession of William and Mary, to the reign of George the Second
 CHAPTER II: History of London during the reign of George the Second
 CHAPTER III: History of London from the Accession of George the Third, to the year 1780
 CHAPTER IV: History of London continued to the Union
 CHAPTER V: History of London from the Union to the Jubilee, 1809
 CHAPTER VI: History of London from the Jubilee to the Peace of 1814
 CHAPTER VII: History of London continued to the accession of George the Fourth
 CHAPTER VIII: Account of the Civil Government of the City by Portreves, Bailiffs, and Mayors, with a list of the latter...
 CHAPTER IX: An account of the Aldermen and Sheriffs, with a list of the latter
collapseCHAPTER X: Lists and brief Accounts of the various Officers and Courts within the City
collapseCHAPTER XI: Some account of the Ecclesiastical Government of the city of London, with a List and Biographical Notices of the Bishops of the see
collapseCHAPTER XII: Some Account of the Military Government of London, and the Artillery Company
collapseCHAPTER XIII: An Account of the twelve principal Companies of the City of London
collapseCHAPTER XIV: An Account of the Companies of the City of London, alphabetically arranged
 CHAPTER XV: An Account of the River Thames
collapseCHAPTER XVI: Historical and topographical account of London Bridge, Westminster Bridge, Blackfriars Bridge, Waterloo Bridge, Southwark Bridge, and the Thames Tunnel
collapseCHAPTER XVII: Topographical and Historical Account of the Tower of London
This object is in collection:
Edwin C. Bolles papers
Subjects
London (England)--History
Antiquities
Permanent URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10427/44305
ID: tufts:UA069.005.DO.00067
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