The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 2

Allen, Thomas
1828

Goldsmiths.

Goldsmiths.

Goldsmiths' company

Their Arms are quarterly, gu. and az. in the first and fourth, a leopard's head or. in the second and third, a covered cup, and in chief two round buckles, the tongues fessewise, points to the dexter, all of the third. Crest.Crest and supporters granted 1571; whole confirmed 1634. A demi-lady, her arms extended, proper, issuing out of clouds of the last, vested gu. garnished or, cuffed ar. round her neck a ruff of the last, in her dexter hand a pair of scales of the third; in her sinister hand a touchstone sa. Supporters. Two unicorns or. horned, crined, and hoofed, ar. Motto.Justitia virtutum regina.Another motto commonly used by the company was To God only be all glory. Patron. St. Dunstan.

The Goldsmiths' Company is of very remote institution, as already noticed, it having been fined as adulterine so early as the year 1180; yet it was not incorporated till 1327, when Edward the Third, in consideration of the sum of ten marks, granted the members his letters patent, under the title of The Wardens and Commonalty of the Mystery of Goldsmiths, &c. with power to purchase estates to the value of 20l. annually, for the support of their indigent and superannuated brethren. This grant was confirmed by Richard the Second, in 1394, on the further payment of twenty marks. These grants were afterwards confirmed by Edward IV. in the year 1462, who also constituted this society a body politic and corporate, to have a perpetual succession, and a common seal. By the said grant they had likewise the privilege of inspecting, trying, and regulating all gold and silver wares, not only in this city, but in other parts of this kingdom; and this privilege has been since so materially enlarged, that they have the power of inspecting all gold and silver wares, in the following particular places, viz. Birmingham, Sheffield, Chester, Newcastle, Norwich, and Exeter; with the power of punishing all offenders concerned in working adulterated gold and silver; and of making bye-laws for their better government.

This was evidently an extension of a statute made in the twenty-third of Edward the First, which empowered the warden to assay gold and silver manufactures; which shall be of good and true alloy, and be marked. The privileges of the goldsmiths have since been confirmed under various acts of parliament, and many judicious enactments made to support their authority.

In Fabian's Chronicle, under the fifty-third of Henry the Third, 1239, is the following relation of a violent affray between the goldsmiths' and taylors' companies. In this liii. yere in ye moneth of November fyll a varyaunce atwene the felysshyppes of goldsmythes and taylloures of London, whiche grewe to makynge of parties, so that with the goldsmythes take partie the felysshep or craft ofand with the taylloures held ye craft of stayners;Cordewayners M.S. of Fab. Chron. Brit. Mus. by meane of this moche people nyghtly gaderyd in the stretes in harneys, and at length, as it were prouyded, the thirde nyght of the sayd parties mette vpon the nombre of V. C. men on both sydes, and ran togyder, with such vyolence that some were slayne, and many wonded. Then outcry was made, so that ye shyreffes, with strengthe of other comors, came to the ryddynge of theym, and of theym toke certayne persones, and sent theym vnto dyvers prysons: and upon the morrowe, such serche was made, yt the moste of the chief causers of that fray were taken and put in warde.- Then vpon the Fryday folowynge saynt Katteryns daye, sessyons were kepte at Newgate by the Mayre and Lawrence de Broke justice and other: where xxx. of the sayd persons were arregned of felony, and xiii. of theym caste and hanged: and for one Godfrey de Beuerley holpe to arme one of the sayde persones, he was also caste amonge the others. Fabian p. 364. Ellis's ed. 1811.

Out of the company of goldsmiths once a year a jury is taken, consisting of twenty-four persons who go up to the court; and there in the presence of the lords of the council, some pieces of every sort of money coined the foregoing year, and that had been taken out of the mint, is exactly assayed and weighed.Strype's Stow, ii. p. 184.

Goldsmith's.hall, is an extensive and handsome pile, standing in Foster-lane, on the site of a more ancient hall, which had been founded for the use of the Company in 1407, by sir Drew Bareninte, lord mayor in 1398.

Of this company was Nicholas Faringdon, mayor, 1309; from whom Farringdon ward took its name.

This wealthy community is governed by a prime, and three other wardens, and a numerous court of assistants. Its revenues are very considerable; and its disbursements for charitable purposes, are stated to amount to more than 1000l. annually: this sum is principally expended in the support of alms-houses and free-schools. Before the business of banking became a regular trade, about the middle of the seventeenth century, and also for many years afterwards, the goldsmiths were the chief bankers, their general opulence occasioning them to be regarded as the most trustworthy of the various classes of tradesmen, that inhabited the city.

The Names of the Company of Goldesmythes from the Record in the Chapter House. Harry AverellMorgan Wolff Rogier HortonThomas Baven Rob. SpendeleyThomas Trappis John FfrendeThomas Stevyns Mr. Bowes, aldermanThomas Rede Rafe RowlettSilvester Todd Thomas CaltonFfabiant Wydder Robt. TrappisSymond Palmer Robt. DraperWilliam Chamber Thomas WastellRobt. Alleyn Rogier MundyeNicholas Molde Nicholas BullJohn Bolter Rafe LathumJohn Bardolph Water LambertRogier Taylour Thomas HaysCornelys Hayes Thomas SponerWillm. Tylsworth Nicholas AldewynRasel Cornyshe Edmond HatcombeWillm. Symson Edmond LeeNicholas Johnson Wyncent MundyeWilliam Keylway Robert LawerdJohn Dale John LewesHerry Goldeville John FfremanGeorge Webbe William SowthwodAnthony Neale John ChaundelerThomas Browne Robt. HortoppJohn Barons.

 

Their are quarterly, and in the and , a leopard's head in the and , a covered cup, and in chief round buckles, the tongues fessewise, points to the dexter, all of the . . A demi-lady, her arms extended, , issuing out of clouds of the last, vested garnished , cuffed ar. round her neck a ruff of the last, in her dexter hand a pair of scales of the ; in her sinister hand a touchstone . unicorns or. horned, crined, and hoofed, .

Justitia virtutum regina.

. St. Dunstan.

The is of very remote institution, as already noticed, it having been fined as adulterine so early as the year ; yet it was not incorporated till , when Edward the , in consideration of the sum of , granted the members his letters patent, under the title of

The Wardens and Commonalty of the Mystery of Goldsmiths,

&c. with power to purchase estates to the value of annually, for the support of their indigent and superannuated brethren. This grant was confirmed by Richard the , in , on the further payment of . These grants were afterwards confirmed by Edward IV. in the year , who also constituted this society a body politic and

353

corporate, to have a perpetual succession, and a common seal. By the said grant they had likewise the privilege of inspecting, trying, and regulating all gold and silver wares, not only in this city, but in other parts of this kingdom; and this privilege has been since so materially enlarged, that they have the power of inspecting all gold and silver wares, in the following particular places, viz. Birmingham, Sheffield, Chester, Newcastle, Norwich, and Exeter; with the power of punishing all offenders concerned in working adulterated gold and silver; and of making bye-laws for their better government.

This was evidently an extension of a statute made in the of Edward the , which empowered the warden to

assay gold and silver manufactures;

which

shall be of good and true alloy, and be marked.

The privileges of the goldsmiths have since been confirmed under various acts of parliament, and many judicious enactments made to support their authority.

In Fabian's Chronicle, under the of Henry the , , is the following relation of a violent affray between the goldsmiths' and taylors' companies.

In this liii. yere in ye moneth of November fyll a varyaunce atwene the felysshyppes of goldsmythes and taylloures of London, whiche grewe to makynge of parties, so that with the goldsmythes take partie the felysshep or craft ofand with the taylloures held ye craft of stayners;

Cordewayners M.S. of Fab. Chron. Brit. Mus.

by meane of this moche people nyghtly gaderyd in the stretes in harneys, and at length, as it were prouyded, the thirde nyght of the sayd parties mette vpon the nombre of V. C. men on both sydes, and ran togyder, with such vyolence that some were slayne, and many wonded. Then outcry was made, so that ye

shyreffes

, with strengthe of other comors, came to the ryddynge of theym, and of theym toke certayne persones, and sent theym vnto dyvers prysons: and upon the morrowe, such serche was made, yt the moste of the chief causers of that fray were taken and put in warde.- Then vpon the Fryday folowynge saynt Katteryns daye, sessyons were kepte at Newgate by the Mayre and Lawrence de Broke justice and other: where xxx. of the sayd persons were arregned of felony, and xiii. of theym caste and hanged: and for

one

Godfrey de Beuerley holpe to arme

one

of the sayde persones, he was also caste amonge the others.

Out of the company of goldsmiths once a year a is taken, consisting of persons who go up to the court; and there in the presence of the lords of the council, some pieces of every sort of money coined the foregoing year, and that had been taken out of the mint, is exactly assayed and weighed.

Goldsmith's.hall, is an extensive and handsome pile, standing in , on the site of a more ancient hall, which had been

354

founded for the use of the Company in , by sir Drew Bareninte, lord mayor in .

Of this company was Nicholas Faringdon, mayor, ; from whom Farringdon ward took its name.

This wealthy community is governed by a prime, and other wardens, and a numerous court of assistants. Its revenues are very considerable; and its disbursements for charitable purposes, are stated to amount to more than annually: this sum is principally expended in the support of alms-houses and free-schools. Before the business of banking became a regular trade, about the middle of the century, and also for many years afterwards, the goldsmiths were the chief bankers, their general opulence occasioning them to be regarded as the most trustworthy of the various classes of tradesmen, that inhabited the city.

 
 
Footnotes:

[] Crest and supporters granted 1571; whole confirmed 1634.

[] Another motto commonly used by the company was To God only be all glory.

[] Fabian p. 364. Ellis's ed. 1811.

[] Strype's Stow, ii. p. 184.

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 Title Page
 Dedication
 CHAPTER I: History of London, from the Accession of William and Mary, to the reign of George the Second
 CHAPTER II: History of London during the reign of George the Second
 CHAPTER III: History of London from the Accession of George the Third, to the year 1780
 CHAPTER IV: History of London continued to the Union
 CHAPTER V: History of London from the Union to the Jubilee, 1809
 CHAPTER VI: History of London from the Jubilee to the Peace of 1814
 CHAPTER VII: History of London continued to the accession of George the Fourth
 CHAPTER VIII: Account of the Civil Government of the City by Portreves, Bailiffs, and Mayors, with a list of the latter...
 CHAPTER IX: An account of the Aldermen and Sheriffs, with a list of the latter
collapseCHAPTER X: Lists and brief Accounts of the various Officers and Courts within the City
collapseCHAPTER XI: Some account of the Ecclesiastical Government of the city of London, with a List and Biographical Notices of the Bishops of the see
collapseCHAPTER XII: Some Account of the Military Government of London, and the Artillery Company
collapseCHAPTER XIII: An Account of the twelve principal Companies of the City of London
collapseCHAPTER XIV: An Account of the Companies of the City of London, alphabetically arranged
 CHAPTER XV: An Account of the River Thames
collapseCHAPTER XVI: Historical and topographical account of London Bridge, Westminster Bridge, Blackfriars Bridge, Waterloo Bridge, Southwark Bridge, and the Thames Tunnel
collapseCHAPTER XVII: Topographical and Historical Account of the Tower of London
This object is in collection:
Edwin C. Bolles papers
Subjects
London (England)--History
Antiquities
Permanent URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10427/44305
ID: tufts:UA069.005.DO.00067
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Usage: Detailed Rights