Constantine C. and Christy C. Moustakis papers, 1880-2006

This collection has:

4.85 cubic ft.

Constantine Christou Moustakis (1883-1925) was born at Longaniko, (Sparta), Greece, on February 15, 1883. He emigrated in 1897 to the United States with his older brothers George (1877-1958) and Nicholas (1880-1969), settling first at Lowell, MA, where they worked in mills. In 1905 the three brothers purchased a confectionery store at 220 Essex St., Salem, with a candy counter and a tea room, and the three moved to Salem. Originally the store was called "The Palace of the Sweets," but later became known as just "Moustakis Brothers." Around 1910, two other brothers, John (1894-1979) and Louis, newly arrived from Greece, joined the firm, which lasted from 1905 to 1968, known primarily for the manufacture of quality confections and candy. It is said that in 1911 Constantine Moustakis organized at Salem what was perhaps the first 'Holy Legion of Greek-American Youth' for service to their native land in view of the troubles that were developing in the Balkans. Brothers George and John remaining behind to manage the business, while Constantine and his brothers Nicholas and Louis departed for Greece in December 1912, arriving in January, 1913. While in Greece he assiduously wrote to his wife Gertrude in English.In the U.S., Constantine helped organize a group called Greek Liberals in America with the purpose of assisting Eleutherios Venizelos, whose political life went through many crises and vicissitudes as he rose and fell in the position of prime minister. To support Greece as well as Venizelos, Constantine was instrumental in the publication of a newspaper entitled Bulletin of the Greek Liberals in America.On April 30, 1924, Constantine was knighted by the Greek government, receiving the Grand Cross of the Chevalier of the Royal Order of King George I for services rendered to Greece in seeking better terms for Greece after the country went through a terrible defeat in the Greco-Turkish War of the early 1920s.

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