The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3Allen, Thomas
Priory of St. Mary Spital, or New Hospital of our Lady without Bishopsgate.
This priory and hospital were founded by Walter Brune and Roesia his wife, for canons regular of the order of Augustine. Walter, archdeacon of London, laid the stone, in the
|year . William, de Sancta Maria then bishop of London, dedicated it to the honour of Jesus Christ, and his mother, the perpetual Virgin Mary, by the name of , in the parish of St, Butolph: the bounds whereof, as appeareth by composition betwixt the parson and prior of the said hospital concerning tythes, begin at Berward's-lane, towards the south, and extend in breadth to the parish of St. Leonard, , towards the north, and in length from the on the west, to the bishop of London's field, called Lollesworth, on the east. The prior of this St. Mary Spital, for the emortising and propriation of the priory of Bikenacar in Essex to this said house of St. Mary Spital, gave to Henry VII. , in the of his reign|
This hospital was surrendered the of Henry VIII., and its revenues amounted to per ann. Besides ornaments of the church, and other goods pertaining to the hospital, there were found standing an beds, well furnished, for receipt of the poor of charity; for it was an hospital of great relief. Sir Henry Plesington, knight, was buried there A. D. .
The site of the priory now occupied by Stewart and Duke-streets, was granted Hen. VIII. to Stephen Vaughan.
On the site of this hospital was the residence of a famous Italian merchant and ambassador, much employed by queen Elizabeth, namely, sir Horatio Pallavicini. And in the same house, in the year of king James I. the ambassador from the archduke of Austria was lodged, with his company.
Queen Elizabeth, in the month of , came in great state from St. Mary Spital, attended with a men in harness, with shirts of mail, and corslets, and morris-pikes, and great pieces carried through London unto the court, with drums, flutes, and trumpets sounding, and morns-dancers; and in a cart white bears.
A part of the large church-yard pertaining to this hospital, and severed from the rest with a brick wall, was for a long time remaining, with a pulpit cross therein (somewhat like to that was in church-yard); against which, on the south side, before the charnel and chapel of St. Edmund the bishop, and , was a handsome house of stories high, for the mayor, aldermen, sheriffs, and other persons of distinction to sit in, to hear the sermons preached in the Easter holidays. In the part over them stood the bishop of London, and other prelates; afterwards the aldermens' ladies used to stand or sit at a window there.
says Mr. Maitland.
Respecting the antiquity of this custom, it appears in the year , king Richard having procured from Rome confirmation of such statutes and ordinances as were made in the parliament begun at and ended at Shrewsbury, he caused the same confirmation to be read and pronounced at Paul's Cross, and at St. Mary Spital, in the sermons before all the people. Philip Malpas, of the sheriffs in the year , the eighteenth of Henry VII. gave by the year to the preachers at the Spital. Stephen Forster, mayor, in the year , gave to the preachers of Paul's Cross and Spital. The aforesaid house, wherein the mayor and alderman sat at the Spital, was built (for that purpose) out of the goods, and by the executors of Richard Rawson, alderman, and Isabel his wife, in the year .
In the year , this pulpit, being old, was taken down, and a new set up, the preacher's face turned towards the south, which before was towards the west. Also a large house (on the east side of the said pulpit) was then built for the governors and children of to sit in; and this was done out of the goods of William Elkins, alderman: but, within the year, the same house decaying, and like to have fallen, was again, with great cost repaired at the city's charge.
 Which was founded by W. Evesham. citizen and pepperer, about 1391.